The history of the Island of Flores
It is a controversial when it was discovered the island, the first call of St. Thomas and later by the abundance of yellow flowers cubre (Solidago sempervirens L.) of Flores.
To some it is known that the caravels were departures from the island of Terceira commanded by Diogo Teive and his son John who Teive the first time, supporting the island, probably on a journey of searching the sea route to India by the West. Flores, along with the Azores, Azores were the last town to be populated. Willem van der Haghen (Guilherme da Silveira) that established a Flemish on the island of St. George, came to the flowers around 1470, setting up for seven to ten years in the valley of Ribeira da Cruz. Dissatisfied with the results of their work or with the sale of the island by the heirs of diogo of Teive to John da Fonseca, Willem van der Hagahen returns to St. George.
Abandoned for about 20 years, the flowers are repopulated by people coming in large part on the islands of Madeira and Third that, soon, joined more settlers from mainland Portugal.
Population growth is fast and knowing that, in 1515, Flores was slabs of town, and so, in 1548, compared to Santa Cruz das Flores. The cultivation of cereals and pastel, plant with blue demand from textile centers of northern Europe, were the cradle of the economy of the island during the first two centuries. The years went to the rhythm of the seasons, the centuries pass without incident. They are the pirates, assets in the seas of the Azores since the end of the century. Until the XV century. XVII, and more sporadically in the century. XVIII, who disturb the peaceful life of the island in search of plunder, and at times of captives to sell as slaves.
The area of Flores served them also, as expected from the point of armed coming from South America filled with treasures of silver and gold. Flores participated in the management of whaling providing food to the ships and crew whalers British, and especially Americans, who demanded the waters of the archipelago since the end of the century. By the middle of the eighteenth century XIX.
Later, around 1850, starts on the Flowers of the hunting sperm from slabs of Flores and Santa Cruz das Flores, where he reached their “factories” for the extraction of oil. The modern airport and port facilities finally broke the isolation of secular Flores, insert it in the dynamic progress of the Azores. The agriculture, livestock, fisheries and dairy products are now the economic support of the island that tourism is an increasingly significant.12,237 Visits